Official DSMZ medium: This medium was manually curated by experts from the DSMZ.

Culture medium recipe

Equipment needed: Filter Autoclave
Compound Amount Unit Conc. [g/L] Conc. [mM]
Baker's yeast 5.00 g 5 -
CaCl2 x 2 H2O 1.36 g 1.36 9.251
Vitamin B12 0.50 mg 5.0e-4 3.7e-4
15.00 g 15 44.599
Distilled water 1000.00 ml - -
1 Sterilize vitamin B12 separately by filtration. Prepare and store yeast cells as autoclaved stock suspension (5 g baker's yeast/100 ml distilled water, adjust pH to 6.5 and autoclave). Adjust pH of medium to 7.2 with KOH before, and after autoclaving and cooling to 50°C (use pH-indicator paper).
2 Cultures of myxobacteria delivered freeze-dried: Please see our video tutorial and follow the special instructions: 'Reactivation of Myxobacteria' given with the strain entry of our catalogue. For suspending the freeze-dried cells from ampoules, add about 0.5 - 1.0 ml medium MD1 (per liter: casiton 3.0 g; CaCl2 x 2 H2O, 0.7 g; Mg2SO4 x 7 H2O, 2.0 g) to the vial with freeze dried material.
3 Cultures of myxobacteria delivered as active cultures (growing on agar plates): Always use the rim of the swarm as inoculum for fresh media. If the swarms are creamy, transfer high amounts of cell mass to several spots on fresh VY/2 agar medium. If the swarm adheres to the agar or grows within the agar, cut small agar cubes from the rim of the swarm and place onto a fresh agar plate using an appropriate tool such as a lancet. Make sure that the pieces of swarm colonies grown on the agar are transferred to the agar plate. Attempt to place the inoculum in such a way that the swarms are in contact with the fresh agar plate.
4 Incubate for up to 3 weeks (in particular Sorangium and Nannocystis strains) at the temperature given for the strain, taking measures against desiccation. If there is no growth after ten days, carefully split up the agar-culture-cubes and squeeze the material to the agar plate and reincubate.


Last modified: 22.02.22
Source: DSMZ
Taxonomic range:  Bacteria
Medium type: Complex medium
Final pH: 7.2
Equipment needed: Autoclave, Filter
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Associated strains

All strains for this medium: 2849
Strains with modifications: 8

Molecular composition

Compound Conc. [g/L] Conc. [mM]
Agar 15 44.599
Baker's yeast 5 -
CaCl2 x 2 H2O 1.36 9.251
Vitamin B12 5.0e-4 3.7e-4
Distilled water - -

Cultivation metadata from 2849 strains BacDive

pH 6 - 8 9 strains
pH 8 - 10 4 strains
pH 4 - 6 3 strains
phyla 4 2854 strains
nutrition chemoheterotroph 3 strains
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